The following articles
describe growing job opportunities for spiritual & metaphysical
practitioners. The corporate world is realizing its need for ministers
and "chaplains" of ALL spiritual traditions.
in the Workplace
Making room for religion
Benefit from Spirituality
Benefit from a Low-key Spirituality
At a Babson College symposium, businesspeople discussed the importance
of integrating spirituality with business.
By Frederica Saylor
(May 12, 2005)
Ben Cohen, cofounder of Ben & Jerrys Homemade ice cream
company, used inequities in the federal budget to stress the need
for ethics in business
(Photo: Laury Hamel) Julius Walls Jr. begins each day with a prayer
for the workplace.
I want to be clear about whos leading my workday,
As CEO of Greyston Bakery, Walls was one of several businesspeople
who discussed the importance of integrating spirituality in business
at a recent Babson College symposium.
You wont find me standing in front of my employees
preaching the Gospel, said Walls, adding that he doesnt
want to push his beliefs on anyone. But he said his religious beliefs
are integral to how he runs his business.
Walls said that by realizing he is not it and that
God takes care of him, he has been able to view goals differently,
avoid a paralyzing fear of failure and reflect carefully when handling
My idea of spirituality in the workplace is how I am when
Im in there, what motivates me to do what I do, said
Walls. Were not there practicing a religion, were
there practicing a personal spirituality.
Ben Cohen, cofounder and former CEO of Ben and Jerrys Homemade
ice cream company, echoed Walls beliefs.
At Ben and Jerrys, we learned that theres a
spiritual life to businesses as there is in the lives of individuals,
said Cohen. As you give, you receive. As you help others,
you are helped in return. For people, for businesses, for nations
its all the same.
Cohen said he and Jerry Greenfield developed a two-part bottom
line that looked at how much money they had left over and how many
people they had helped at the end of each month. This included obtaining
all of their milk and cream from Vermont dairy farms and using sustainable
rain-forest products in Rainforest Crunch ice cream.
Some people accused Cohen and Greenfield of doing nice things
to sell more ice cream. But Cohen said they only did what they believed
in; it just happened to have a positive effect on their sales.
Our actions are based on deeply held values, said
Cohen. Were all interconnected, and as we help others,
we cannot help but help ourselves. Creating a consonance of
values with employees and customers builds loyalty and even more
value, he added.
In a time when international business leaders recognize a need
to better infuse business with values, Richard Goosen, a professor
of entrepreneurial strategy and finance at Trinity Western Universitys
business school, said he believes spiritually should be part of
The moneys just not enough, said Goosen, who
is also CEO of M and A Capital Corp. He said that although money
is the oxygen of a business, its not the purpose.
He presented three models that lead to finding meaning in life.
One model is a spiritual approach in which the pursuit of entrepreneurship
is infused with finding this meaning and where entrepreneurship
is the vehicle for the spiritual.
Even nonreligious people are seeking meaning in their lives,
said Goosen. Being an entrepreneur, rather than a businessperson,
offers you a unique means to craft meaning in life.
Laury Hammel, programming leader for the Responsible Business
Association of Greater Boston and symposium founder and co-organizer,
said the definition of spirituality in the context of
the symposium is significant. He said it is important to leave the
meaning open to people of all religious traditions, and those who
are nonreligious. While some may define the term as faith in a higher
power, others may consider it a set of values or a state of mind.
We do spend a tremendous amount of time talking about our
values: caring, loving, inclusive, supportive, empowering, joyful,
said Hammel. Those kinds of values we talk about a lot because
thats why were here.
Hammel said that creating this inclusive environment for those
in business has allowed the conference to be the longest-running
one of its kind. But there are still challenges, however, he said.
Certain religious sects work against each other and create polarization.
Another is that though businesspeople may realize the importance
of bringing spirituality to their work, they do not make it a priority.
A lot of times in business, people lose focus and think
about getting the job done and achieving some goal, said Hammel.
Its important, but the process by which you go about
it is equally important.
Frederica Saylor is health editor at Science & Theology News.
Religion in the Workplace
(cover Story, Business Week Magazine)
The growing presence of spirituality in Corporate America
The big splash at the Young Presidents' Organization powwow in June
at Rome's palatial Excelsior Hotel wasn't a ballroom seminar about
e-commerce juggernauts or computer blowups. Instead, the buzz at
this confab of some of the world's youngest and most powerful chief
executives was about the shamanic healing journey going on
down in the basement. There, in a candlelit room thick with a haze
of incense, 17 blindfolded captains of industry lay on towels, breathed
deeply, and delved into the "lower world" to the sound
of a lone tribal drum. Leading the group was Richard Whiteley, a
Harvard business school-educated best-selling author and management
consultant who moonlights as an urban shaman. "Envision
an entrance into the earth, a well, or a swimming hole, Whiteley
half-whispered above the sea of heaving chests. He then instructed
the executives how to retrieve from their inner depths their "power
animals, who would guide their companies to 21st century success.
Spiritual events like these aren't happening just at exclusive
executive enclaves. For the past six years, 300 Xerox Corp. employees--from
senior managers to clerks--have participated in "vision quests
as part of the struggling copier company's $400 million project
to revolutionize product development. Alone for 24 hours with nothing
more than sleeping bags and water jugs in New Mexico's desert or
New York's Catskill Mountains, the workers have communed with nature,
seeking inspiration and guidance about building Xerox' first digital
One epiphany came when a dozen engineers in northern New Mexico
saw a lone, fading Xerox paper carton bobbing in a swamp of old
motor oil at the bottom of a pit. They vowed to build a machine
that would never end up polluting another dump. Later, at the company's
Rochester (N.Y.) design offices, the "quest continued as
co-workers "passed the rock in Native American talking circles,
in which only the person holding the stone can speak. This forced
even the loudmouths to listen.
Sure, some of the button-down engineers cracked up over the use
of such words as "spirit and "soul. But, says John
F. Elter, the Xerox chief engineer who headed the project, "for
almost everyone, this was a real spiritual experience. The eventual
result: the design and production of Xerox' hottest seller, the
265DC, a 97%-recyclable machine. Word of the program's success spurred
senior executives from companies as diverse as Ford, Nike, and Harley-Davidson
to make pilgrimages to Rochester in September to get a firsthand
GOD SQUAD. Bottom-rung workers are also getting a sprinkling of
the sacred at the workplace. Companies such as Taco Bell, Pizza
Hut, and subsidiaries of Wal-Mart Stores are hiring Army-style chaplains
who come in any religious flavor requested. Members of these 24-hour
God squads visit employees in hospitals, deal with nervous breakdowns,
and respond to suicide threats. They'll even say the vows on a worker's
wedding day or deliver the eulogy at her funeral.
If America's chief executives had tried any of this 10 years ago,
they probably would have inspired ridicule and maybe even ostracism.
But today, a spiritual revival is sweeping across Corporate America
as executives of all stripes are mixing mysticism into their management,
importing into office corridors the lessons usually doled out in
churches, temples, and mosques. Gone is the old taboo against talking
about God at work. In its place is a new spirituality, evident in
the prayer groups at Deloitte & Touche and the Talmud studies
at New York law firms such as Kaye, Scholer, Fierman, Hays &
Across the country, major-league executives are meeting for prayer
breakfasts and spiritual conferences. In Minneapolis, 150 business
chiefs lunch monthly at a private, ivy-draped club to hear chief
executives such as Medtronic Inc.'s William George and Carlson Co.'s
Marilyn Carlson Nelson draw business solutions from the Bible. In
Silicon Valley, a group of high-powered, high-tech Hindus--including
Suhas Patil, founder of Cirrus Logic, Desh Deshpande, founder of
Cascade Communications, and Krishan Kalra, founder of BioGenex--are
part of a movement to connect technology to spirituality. In Boston,
heavy hitters such as retired Raytheon Chairman and CEO Thomas L.
Phillips meet at an invitation-only prayer breakfast called First
Tuesday, an ecumenical affair long shrouded in secrecy. More publicly,
Aetna International Chairman Michael A. Stephen has extolled the
benefits of meditation and talked with Aetna employees about using
spirituality in their careers.
That's not to mention the 10,000 Bible and prayer groups in workplaces
that meet regularly, according to the Fellowship for Companies for
Christ International. Just five years ago, there was only one conference
on spirituality and the workplace; now there are about 30. Academic
endorsement is growing, too: The University of Denver, the University
of New Haven, and Minnesota's University of St. Thomas have opened
research centers dedicated to the subject. The number of related
books hitting the store shelves each year has quadrupled since 1990,
to 79 last year. The latest: the Dalai Lama's Ethics for the New
Millennium, a new business best-seller. Says Laura Nash, a business
ethicist at Harvard Divinity School and author of Believers in Business:
"Spirituality in the workplace is exploding.
In part, what's happening is a reflection of broader trends. People
are working the equivalent of over a month more each year than they
did a decade ago. No surprise, then, that the workplace--and not
churches or town squares--is where American social phenomena are
showing up first. The office is where more and more people eat,
exercise, date, drop their kids, and even, at architecture firm
Gould Evans Goodman Associates in Kansas City, Mo., nap in company-sponsored
tents. Plus, the influx of immigrants into the workplace has raised
awareness about the vast array of religious belief. All over the
country, for example, a growing number of Muslims, such as Milwaukee
lawyer Othman Atta, are rolling out their prayer rugs right in the
With more people becoming open about their spirituality--95% of
Americans say they believe in God or a universal spirit, and 48%
say they talked about their religious faith at work that day, according
to the Gallup Organization--it would make sense that, along with
their briefcases and laptops, people would start bringing their
faith to work.
DEEPER MEANING. At the same time, the ultratight labor market
has companies tripping over themselves to offer scarce talent any
perks and programs that will get them through the door. One recent
poll found that American managers want a deeper sense of meaning
and fulfillment on the job--even more than they want money and time
off. Moreover, the New Economy itself has hot-wired an interest
in systems thinking and chaos theory, which have forged some common
ground with religion by showing that science is partly about irrational
and inexplicable things. The Internet's nonlinear nature is pushing
people to take unconventional, intuitive approaches to their work.
But perhaps the largest driver of this trend is the mounting evidence
that spiritually minded programs in the workplace not only soothe
workers' psyches but also deliver improved productivity. Skeptics
who scoff at the use of the words spirituality and Corporate America
in the same breath might write this off as just another management
But a recently completed research project by McKinsey & Co.
Australia shows that when companies engage in programs that use
spiritual techniques for their employees, productivity improves
and turnover is greatly reduced. The first empirical study of the
issue, A Spiritual Audit of Corporate America, published in October
by Jossey-Bass, found that employees who work for organizations
they consider to be spiritual are less fearful, less likely to compromise
their values, and more able to throw themselves into their jobs.
Says the book's co-author, University of Southern California Marshall
School of Business Professor Ian I. Mitroff: "Spirituality could
be the ultimate competitive advantage. Fully 60% of those polled
for the book say they believe in the beneficial effects of spirituality
in the workplace, so long as there's no bully-pulpit promotion of
That's exactly the danger. Even in an era that's more accepting
of spirituality, the prospect of religion seeping into secular institutions,
especially corporate ones, makes many uneasy. At the fringes, some
businesses are running up against the bizarre, such as the maintenance
worker who insisted he was the Messiah, the administrative assistant
who routinely dropped to her knees outside of people's cubicles
to speak in tongues, and the male witch who insisted on having Halloween
off. And the more receptive companies are to Bible groups or Buddhist
seminars, the more conflicts are erupting. The Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission reports a 29% spike since 1992 in the number
of religious-based discrimination charges, making those the third-fastest-growing
claim, after sexual harassment and disability.
WEBHEADS. But that's no deterrent to spiritually minded CEOs.
S. Truett Cathy, an evangelical Christian and chief executive of
Chick-fil-A Inc., hosts a hymn-filled prayer service on Monday mornings
for those employees of the Atlanta company who want to take part.
On Sundays--when McDonald's Corp. and Burger King Corp. are doing
a brisk business--Cathy closes his 1,000 fast-food shops because
he believes in keeping the Sabbath. For Cathy, it's not so difficult
to negotiate the religious differences of his employees because
so many of them are evangelical Christians, too.
Shoemaker Timberland Co.'s chief executive, Jeffrey B. Swartz,
is in the opposite position. Swartz is one of the few orthodox Jews
at the Stratham (N.H.) company. Employees who travel with him on
business often razz him about his penchant for pulling out his well-worn
prayer book on planes. But he uses his religious beliefs to guide
business decisions and, in some instances, company policy, often
bouncing work problems off his rabbi. Because community service
is such a bulwark of Swartz' faith, all employees at Timberland
get 40 hours a year off to volunteer at the charity of their choice.
For Kris Kalra, chief executive of BioGenex, it's the Bhagavad
Gita, the Hindu holy text, that offers the best lessons for steering
a business out of trouble. Five years ago, Kalra was a hardheaded
workaholic who had long missed his kids' baseball games and Brownie
troop meetings. He worked holidays and weekends and often expected
his 140 employees to do the same, holding his secretary hostage
even if one of her kids needed her at home. But as the blowups with
his family got worse and his medical-lab technology business stumbled,
he had a breakdown. "I realized we were living in a completely
material world, Kalra says, referring to the Internet-rich Webheads
with their theme houses in the hills. "The higher purpose was
He dropped out of corporate life for three months, studying the
Bhagavad Gita for eight hours a day. After he returned to work,
he started listening to other people's ideas and slowly let go of
his micromanaging ways. With the approval of 12 patents, Kalra's
new products helped increase sales. Instead of putting in those
workaholic hours, people on the leafy corporate campus are starting
to use flextime.
Employers in old-line industries are also getting in on the trend.
Ever since Austaco Inc., the sixth-largest Pizza Hut and Taco Bell
franchisee in the U.S., began hiring chaplains in 1992 through a
nonprofit called Marketplace Ministries, the company has reduced
its annual turnover from 300% to 125%. In fast-food time, that's
like having workers stay on for an eternity. The company credits
the chaplain program for the drop. Employees such as Taco Bell cashier
Kim Park, who has a husband in prison, a daughter in rehab, and
two mouths to feed at home, say they wouldn't dream of leaving for
another position that didn't have the religious lifeline. "A
lot of times I get real depressed, and I have to talk to somebody,
or I'll explode, says Park, sitting in a Taco Bell booth just
before the lunchtime rush starts. "If I didn't have that support,
I don't know what I'd do.
That help comes in the form of her weekly meetings with chaplain
Angie Ruiz, who also visits employees at 13 other Taco Bells and
Pizza Huts around Austin, Tex. After pulling up to the restaurants
in her powder-blue Ford Crown Victoria with the backseat full of
Bibles, Ruiz heads straight to the kitchens. She grabs arms and
pats backs as she saunters through, quipping about the cashier's
stolen junker: "Wanda, we'll have to pray about your car. She
checks in on a waitress with a drug-addicted daughter and acts as
an interpreter following a dustup between a Mexican busboy and his
English-only boss. She even offers a new dishwasher a paperback
NEW SWIRL. All this may seem counterintuitive at a time of scientific
and technological apotheosis. But, just as industrialization gave
rise to social liberalism, the New Economy is causing a deep-seated
curiosity about the nature of knowledge and life, providing a fertile
environment for this new swirl of nonmaterialist ideas. "In
this kind of analytical framework, says Harvard's Nash, "suddenly
it's O.K. to think about forces larger than yourself, to tap into
that as an intuitive source of creative, analytical power. And
the Internet's power to blast through old paradigms and create previously
impossible connections is inspiring fervent feelings that border
on the spiritual. "This new sense of spontaneity has caused even
the most literal-minded to say, `Wow, there's this other force out
there,"' says Nash.
Spiritual thinking in Corporate America may seem as out of place
as a typewriter at a high-tech company. But the warp speed of today's
business life is buckling rigid thinking, especially now that the
sword-swinging warrior model has become such a loser. Besides, who
has time for decision trees and five-year plans anymore? Unlike
the marketplace of 20 years ago, today's information and services-dominated
economy is all about instantaneous decision-making and building
relationships with partners and employees. Often, spiritual approaches
can be used to help staffers get better at the long-neglected people
side of the equation. It's no wonder high-tech companies are packing
nerdy programmers off to corporate charm schools to teach them how
to talk to customers and each other. "More and more people are
going to spiritual processes for help," says consultant Whiteley,
whose clients include Goldman Sachs, Sun Microsystems, and Ford.
Yet as the workplace opens up to such things, "more and more
conflicts are going to continue to erupt," says San Francisco-based
employment lawyer Howard A. Simon. The clashes split along the same
lines the country does. On one side of the divide are evangelical
Christians, some of whom want workplace spirituality to focus on
a conservative message about Jesus Christ and who think New Age
efforts are demonic. On the other are those who fear the movement
is a conspiracy to proselytize everyone into thinking alike. Somewhere
in between are the skeptics who think it's yet another one of management's
fads, exploiting people's faith to make another dollar.
Because of this, many institutions keep away from the issue. Harvard
business school initially turned down a gift from industrial cleaning
company ServiceMaster Co. for a religion-and-business lecture two
years ago; Harvard officials were nervous about sponsoring anything
with religious content. In Silicon Valley, career coach to the high-tech
stars Jean Hollands said she had to change her company's name to
the Growth & Leadership Center from the Good Life Clinic, lest
she scare off clients such as Intel Corp. and Sun Microsystems Inc.
"They thought it sounded like a Mormon touchy-feely group," Hollands
says. To this day in the Valley's heavily left-brain culture, Hollands
says she has to use euphemisms for talking about psychology and
spirituality, such as "internal response system" instead of "feelings"
and "concerns" instead of "fears." "We're still cautious about
putting out that we're holistic, even though we are," she says.
That's why most companies and executives are careful to stick
to a cross-denominational, hybrid message that's often referred
to as secular spirituality. It focuses on the pluralistic, moral
messages common to all the great religions, such as plugging into
something larger than yourself, respecting the interconnectedness
of all actions and things, and practicing the Golden Rule. But it
also puts a premium on free expression and eschews cramming beliefs
down other people's throats.
Not everyone sticks to this script, though. Abuses have included
everything from management consultants who employees alleged were
fronts for the Church of Scientology to cult members who use the
workplace as an arena to woo fresh members into their folds. Some
lawyers are even getting calls from companies worried about employees
who seem to be gripped by a "millennium madness," says Garry G.
Mathiason, senior partner at Littler Mendelson, the largest employment
law firm in the country. These Y2K zealots often call for violence,
and the worry is they'll act out their missions at work.
Generally employers are compelled to make "reasonable accommodations"
to employees with religious needs, just as they are required to
do for the disabled. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 offers
broad protections to the religious. However, the courts have been
equally strict about not allowing one employee to create a hostile
work environment for others by harassing them about what they do
or don't believe.
"STEALTH BOMBERS." Jennifer Venters, who used to be a radio
dispatcher in the Delphi (Ind.) police department, says she knows
this drill from her ex-boss, former police chief, Larry Ives. In
a lawsuit filed against Ives, Venters claimed her life changed when
he showed up for duty and told her that he had been sent by God
to save as many people from damnation as he could. Things got worse,
alleges Venters in court documents, when Ives objected to her female
roommate, asked her if she had entertained male police officers
with pornographic videos, and accused her of having sex with family
members and sacrificing animals in Satan's name. According to court
documents, Ives capped it all off by suggesting that if she wasn't
going to reform her depraved ways, she would be better off just
killing herself. Ives, who calls the accusations "totally false,"
says he did discuss religion with Venters but only when she asked
him about his evangelical faith. The Seventh Circuit U.S. Court
of Appeals found that Venters had a reasonable basis for a religious
harassment claim and ordered that the case go to trial, but it was
later settled for $105,000 without any admission of liability.
But not all of these religious disputes are being fought out in
the legal arena. Fearing that the rising pluralism in the workplace
might lead to the spreading of the "wrong" kinds of religion,
some fundamentalist Christians have taken to advising other believers
on how to act like "stealth bombers" to perform "religious
takeovers" of their organizations and "capture" them for
Christ. Some advocated techniques: keeping a Rolodex listing each
co-worker's spiritual progress and using Biblical names for e-mail
All this spiritual revival may have a fin-de-siecle feel--in fact,
what's happening now is something of a replay of the spiritual movement
that took place at the last turn of the century. The difference
is that in those days, workers were considered extensions of machines.
Then in the 1930s, the arm-around-the-shoulder theory of management
was born. The idea was that bosses need just issue a little praise,
and productivity would soar.
Later, in the 1970s and 1980s, thinking shifted toward viewing
workers not just as bodies needing sustenance but as people with
minds, says University of New Haven Management Professor Judi Neal.
Fueling today's trend, too, was the collective revulsion over the
greed in the late 1980s. That's when CEOs, determined to rout insider
trading and other skullduggery from their organizations, furiously
crafted ethics statements as a way to give their employees a new
Once words like "virtue," "spirit,'' and "ethics''
got through the corporate door, God wasn't far behind. Best-sellers
such as Jesus, CEO and The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People
(one of which is to cultivate spirituality) began to line the oak-paneled
bookshelves of America's managers. Seizing the moment, such spiritual
gurus as Deepak Chopra and M. Scott Peck began advising corporate
chieftains about how they could tie the new secular spirituality
into their management techniques. Team-building programs sprouted
like mad. So too did the Dilbertian sendups of these efforts, some
of which swept through organizations at the same time that downsizing
was crushing morale.
Body, emotion, brain. The only thing missing from the equation
was spirit. But will this revival amount to anything more than a
momentary sensation? No matter how it shakes out, in the wake of
the Internet's creative destruction, new rules will have to be made.
And the physical and human capital that powered the latter part
of the 20th century is likely to be coupled with a new kind of social
capital. Perhaps it's already coming.
By MICHELLE CONLIN
Business Week Cover Story: November 1, 1999
Copyright 1999 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights
reserved. Any use is subject to (1) terms and conditions of this
service and (2) rules stated under "Read This First'' in the
"About Business Week'' area.
Making room for
religion at work
Employers are taking steps to accommodate workers' faiths
By GARY HABER, The News Journal
Posted Monday, July 31, 2006
Lunchtime Bible study groups, flexible hours that allow Jewish
employees to leave early Friday in time to light Sabbath candles
and Muslim employees to leave work for Friday afternoon prayers
and on-site meditation rooms: These days more employers are accommodating
They're responding to a growing number of workers seeking to meld
workplace responsibilities with religious observance.
Take Jamil Tourk, a New Castle resident who works as operations
manager for a company that owns fast-food restaurants. Tourk, a
Muslim, is required to pray five times daily and attend a worship
at his mosque on Friday afternoons.
In the five years he's been with the company, which he did not
want to name, Tourk has prayed in the office with his employer's
He has a longstanding agreement with the boss that he can attend
Friday prayer services. He either comes in early or stays late to
make up the time. Tourk says the key was having an open discussion
about his religious needs.
"They understand my religion, and they know I pray. There's
a relationship there," he says of his employers.
More than ever, U.S. workers are looking to bring religion and
spirituality into the workplace, experts say. Whether it's asking
for Kosher meals in the cafeteria or keeping a Bible on their desk,
or a verse from scripture on their cubicle wall, what for many people
used to be confined to their home or house of worship is now finding
expression on the job.
"People are becoming a lot more open about their religious
practices, and unwilling to shut off that part of themselves at
work," says Michelle Weber, who directs the Religious Diversity
in the Workplace program at the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious
Understanding, in New York.
Weber says many workers feel, "This is something I shouldn't
have to leave at the door. It's a part of my life."
A new openness to religion
While a 2002 study by Human Resource Executive magazine found only
10 percent of companies said they had a formal religion accommodation
policy, and only one in five said they allowed meetings in the workplace
for prayer or religious purposes, Weber and other experts sense
an increasing number of employers are becoming more accepting of
religious expression on the job.
Companies such as AstraZeneca and Bank of America, for example,
said they strive to accommodate their workers.
Workers feel increasingly comfortable asking their bosses to accommodate
their religious requirements because the mood in the country is
more accepting of discussions of religion and spirituality in general,
When employees hear the country's leaders openly discuss their
religious beliefs and how they guide their decision-making, they
feel free to discuss the same things in their own workplace, she
Part of the new openness to religion also may be attributable to
a number of lawsuits in the late 1990s brought by workers who felt
their religious rights were being infringed, says Don McCormick,
a business professor at the University of Redlands, in Redlands,
Calif., who teaches a course on spirituality in the workplace.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 bans religious discrimination
in the workplace and requires that employers make reasonable efforts
to accommodate their workers' religious needs.
The trend has been for courts to broaden the scope of workers'
rights in this regard, says Barry Willoughby, who chairs the employment
law department at Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor, a Wilmington
Willoughby says it's not easy for employers to know where the lines
are, because the law speaks in general terms, and the courts interpret
it on a case-by-case basis.
The courts' decisions are "very specific to the case, the
nature of the job and the employee's religious needs," he says.
Experts say many stressed-out workers want to bring their spiritual
values, as well as their religion, into the office.
To respond, a growing number of companies are offering workplace
chaplains to help them better cope with life's problems.
"I think companies are offering more of a variety of things
that help workers who are going through a spiritual crisis,"
says Rev. Diana Dale, executive director of the National Institute
of Business and Industrial Chaplains.
Dale said there's no definitive number of chaplains in the workplace,
but she estimates it to be in the thousands.
Pastor Mal Utleye is one of them.
Utleye, the transitional pastor at Bethany Baptist Church in Newport,
also works as chaplain for Allied Automotive Group, a car transporter
company based in Decatur, Ga.
Allied contracts with 75 chaplains of different Christian denominations
to minister to workers at its facilities around the country, says
Huey Perry, director of corporate chaplaincy services for the parent
company, Allied Holdings. The chaplains are available to workers
of all faiths, Perry says.
Utleye, who retired in November after 16 years as pastor at Hockessin
Baptist Church, counsels Allied's workers in Delaware and Pennsylvania.
He says it's not much different than ministering to people in church.
"You try to be a friend and let them know you're available,"
he says. "It's a person-to-person type of thing."
While many employers are more accepting of religious expressions
by their employees, the rules should be different for the boss,
says Ellen Barrosse, CEO of Synchrogenix, a Wilmington-based company
with 35 employees that does marketing and advertising and also writes
reports for pharmaceutical companies.
Barrosse, a devout Catholic, is president of the Wilmington chapter
of Legatus, an international organization of Catholic businesspeople,
whose mission is to help them grow in their faith.
Still, she says she wouldn't put a religious symbol on her office
wall, because that could give workers the impression that promotions
or assignments depend on sharing her faith.
"How would you feel if your boss had a lot of religious symbols
on their office wall relating to a religion you don't belong to?"
Afraid to pray openly
While signs indicate more employers and executives are becoming
sensitive to religion in the workplace, some employees feel they're
being left out.
Hisham Sabrin, who is Muslim, works in marketing for a pharmaceutical
company he did not want to name. The Claymont resident doesn't pray
during work hours, even though his religion requires it.
Sabrin worries that praying in the office would damage his relationship
with his boss and his co-workers. He saw how co-workers reacted
with discomfort and a lack of understanding when another Muslim
employee began praying in the office.
"They found it quite awkward," he says. "They didn't
know how to handle the situation."
Sabrin was also stung by the reaction he got from his boss when
he worked in the banking industry. When he explained his religious
requirements to his employer, "I feel it was dismissed as something
unimportant," he says.
Weber, of the Tanenbaum Center, says employers are obliged to enlighten
their workers about the needs of different faiths.
In the end, she says, employers will benefit from happier, more
productive workers, who feel valued as people, not cogs in a machine.
"It helps their employees become more engaged when the employer
sees them as a whole person."
Posted at Delaware Online http://www.delawareonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060731/BUSINESS/607310319/1003
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